Disaster Risk Reduction and Resilience

IOM’s work on Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR) and environmental degradation contributes to the efforts of Member states to implement the Sendai Framework for DRR 2015 – 2030 by advancing mobility-based strategies in disaster risk reduction and resilience. As Nepal is at high risk of natural disasters, IOM supports the Government of Nepal in its efforts for disaster risk reduction and preparedness such as identification, protection, and management of Open Spaces to be used for internally displaced persons (IDPs) in the event of sizable disaster, capacity building of Government of Nepal Agencies and National Security Forces to ensure effective initial emergency response, as well as developing national plans, procedures, and modalities to be used during emergency/recovery phase of large scale disasters in the country.

IOM assumes the role of Camp Coordination and Camp Management (CCCM) global cluster lead, and in Nepal, IOM actively co-leads the CCCM Cluster alongside the Department of Urban Development & Building Construction, as the Government lead agency. The cluster was activated for the second time in Nepal in 2015 soon after the Earthquakes.

Emergency Response

As the global lead for Camp Coordination and Camp Management (CCCM) Cluster for natural disasters, IOM has been responding to emergencies and post crisis situations. Following the devastating earthquake in 2015, IOM immediately provided emergency shelters, psycho-social counselling, health services, debris clearance, and is continuously contributing to early recovery and reconstruction efforts. IOM has also provided shelter and non-food items to victims of floods in 2008 and 2017.

Labour Migration

IOM strives to protect migrant workers and to optimize the benefits of labour migration for both the country of origin and destination as well as for the migrants themselves. In Nepal, the outflow of migrants in the past decade has been momentous in transforming the country’s economic, social and cultural fabric. At the same time, evidences show that many Nepali migrant workers face challenges such as deceptive, non-transparent recruitment practices and excessive fees which could lead to debt bondage, discrimination, detention and trafficking. IOM works with the government to address these challenges and to promote safe and regular migration ensuring human rights of migrants irrespective of their legal status throughout the migration cycle.

Land, Property and Reparation

Land, property and reparations issues play an ever increasing role in reconciliation, peace-building and reconstruction efforts and are an important rehabilitation tool for countries in transition. Nepal continues to recover from the decade-long armed conflict (1996-2006), which resulted in gross human rights violations. To date, these violations remain largely unaddressed and significant gaps remain in the areas of provision of relief and access to justice for conflict victims especially the survivors of Conflict Related Sexual Violence (CRSV). Building on past successful coordination and partnership with the Government of Nepal, IOM seeks to continue its work in the areas of victims assistance programs improving access to services and justice.

Migrant Assistance, Protection and Counter Trafficking

IOM has been working to counter the trafficking in persons since 1994. Our primary aims are to prevent trafficking in persons and to protect victims from the trade while offering them options of safe and sustainable reintegration and/or return to their home countries. Being cognizant of the links between labour migration and human trafficking, in Nepal, IOM looks to harmonize national policy and legal frameworks concerning the two issues so as to address them cohesively.

Migration and Development

IOM’s migration and development programme looks to contribute to a better understanding of the links between migration and development in order to harness the development potential of migration for the benefit of both societies and migrants and to contribute to sustainable development and poverty reduction. In Nepal, remittances that migrants send home play a vital role in national development, contributing equivalent to 27.7% of the GDP in 2014/15. IOM facilitates evidence based policy making to leverage the benefits of migration into national development of Nepal.

Migration, Environment and Climate Change (MECC)

Migration, climate change and environment are interrelated. Just as environmental degradation and disasters can cause migration, movement of people can also entail significant effects on surrounding ecosystems. This complex nexus needs to be addressed in a holistic manner. In Nepal, the adverse impacts of climate change on livelihoods, food security and water availability are likely to exacerbate existing vulnerabilities and increase overall levels of migration in the coming decades. IOM works to address the need to integrate migration within the broader climate change framework in Nepal.

Migration Health

IOM delivers and promotes comprehensive, preventive and curative health programmes which are beneficial, accessible, and equitable for migrants and mobile populations. Bridging the needs of both migrants and Member States, IOM contributes towards the physical, mental and social well-being of migrants, enabling them and host communities to achieve social and economic development. In Nepal, IOM is supporting the Government of Nepal in various aspects related to migration and health. Some of the key areas of interventions are as follows:

Regional Consultative Processess on Migration (RCPs)

Regional Consultative Processes on Migration (RCPs) are state-led, ongoing, regional information-sharing and policy dialogues dedicated to discussing specific migration issue(s) in a cooperative manner among States from an agreed (usually geographical) region, and may either be officially associated with formal regional institutions, or be informal and non-binding.  RCPs are Inter-State Consultation Mechanisms on Migration (ISCMs) at the regional level. IOM Nepal supports RCPs and ISCMs like Colombo Process, Abu Dhabi Dialogue, Bali Process, Global Fund of Migration and Development (GFMD), International Dialogue on Migration (IDM), UN HLD on International Migration and Development etc.

Third Country Resettlement

In close collaboration with United Nations High Commissioner for Refugee (UNHCR), the Government of Nepal (GoN) and eight Resettlement Governments, the IOM facilitates selection missions, conducts medical examination of refugees selected for resettlement as per the protocol of the destination country, conducts cultural orientation for the destination countries, facilitates exit permits and arranges travel for the refugees until their final port of entry.

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