Refugees and displaced persons are a distinct category of “people on the move” deserving special attention. The IOM is actively assisting refugee populations during and after emergencies, as was the case in Kosovo and Timor. The IOM also facilitates the resettlement each year of thousands of refugees for whom resettlement in a new country is the approved durable solution. The IOM is regularly asked to help find solutions for internally displaced persons (IDPs), former combatants, victims of ethnic engineering and populations in transition or recovery environments. It also locates and assists widely scattered voters to enable them to take part in elections and referenda. The IOM has large programs and acknowledged expertise in post-war claims and compensation.
This field is split in to three categories: Third Country Resettlement, Emergency Preparedness & Disaster Risk Reduction, and Transition & Recovery.
Migrants and mobile populations benefit from an improved standard of physical, mental and social wellbeing, which enables them to substantially contribute towards the social and economic development of their home communities and host societies.
IOM’s Strategic Objectives on Migration Health: IOM’s strategic objectives on migration health are derived from the 2008 World Health Assembly Resolution on the Health of Migrants (61.17) that recommends action along four pillars. These four pillars have been further operationalized and agreed during the Global Consultation on the Health of Migrants organized by the World Health Organization (WHO), IOM and the Government of Spain (Madrid, 2010):
Monitoring migrant health
Enable conducive policy and legal frameworks on migrant health
Strengthen migrant-friendly health systems
- Facilitate partnerships, networks and multi-country frameworks on migrant health.
MIGRATION HEALTH DEPARTMENT (MHD) IN NEPAL
IOM Migration Health Department (MHD) in Nepal in collaboration with the Ministry of Health and Population of Nepal, UN agencies and partner organizations operates through the Migration Health Department (MHD) located in Damak, Jhapa and the Migration Health Assessment Center (MHAC) located in Kathmandu.
The relationship between countries of origin and their overseas communities is key to successful development. IOM’s goal in this field is to harness the development potential of migration for individual migrants and societies. We work by promoting international policy dialogue, policy-oriented research and programmes that strengthen the administrative and managerial capacity of governments. Programme activities include improving remittance management, building human capital through labour migration programmes, return and reintegration of qualified nationals, capacity building for governments and empowerment of migrant women.
Mobility is an essential feature of today’s world. Integrated world markets, the emergence of transnational networks and the rapid growth of communication technologies all contribute to the increasing movement of both high and low-skilled workers, students, trainees, families and tourists. The demographic and social structure in the industrialized world has created the need for workers and professionals from other countries. Large-scale migration for work represents potentially difficult adjustments, but economies that desire to remain competitive cannot ignore the need for change. Facilitating migration for work can be a win-win proposition. The IOM provides policy and technical advice to governments on the regulation of migrant labour and other migratory movements, and carries out programs to assist governments and migrants with selection/recruitment, language and cultural orientation, consular services, training, reception, integration and return. These services, tailored to each program, are provided during all stages of the process: information and application, interview and approval, and post-approval. The IOM has performed over 1.5 million immigration medical evaluations around the world and provides logistic and travel assistance to migrants..
Regulating governments and societies have an interest in knowing who is seeking access to their territories. The objective is to take measures that prevent access by those who are not authorized to enter, while facilitating speedy access for those who are. The IOM assists governments in the development and implementation of migration policy, legislation and administrative mechanisms. To this end, the IOM provides technical assistance and training for governmental migration managers on border management, visa systems, regulating entry and stay and collecting and using biometric information. Replacing irregular flows with orderly, regular migration serves the interests of all governments, and the IOM can offer a broad range of programs to counter trafficking and smuggling of human beings, from prevention to assisting the victims. The IOM also implements programs to facilitate the voluntary return and reintegration of displaced and stranded persons and other migrants, taking into account the needs and concerns of local communities.
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