Disaster Risk Reduction and Resilience

IOM’s work on Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR) and environmental degradation contributes to the efforts of Member states to implement the Sendai Framework for DRR 2015 – 2030 by advancing mobility-based strategies in disaster risk reduction and resilience. As Nepal is at high risk of natural disasters, IOM supports the Government of Nepal in its efforts for disaster risk reduction and preparedness such as identification, protection, and management of Open Spaces to be used for internally displaced persons (IDPs) in the event of sizable disaster, capacity building of Government of Nepal Agencies and National Security Forces to ensure effective initial emergency response, as well as developing national plans, procedures, and modalities to be used during emergency/recovery phase of large scale disasters in the country.

IOM assumes the role of Camp Coordination and Camp Management (CCCM) global cluster lead, and in Nepal, IOM actively co-leads the CCCM Cluster alongside the Department of Urban Development & Building Construction, as the Government lead agency. The cluster was activated for the second time in Nepal in 2015 soon after the Earthquakes.


Third Country Resettlement

In close collaboration with United Nations High Commissioner for Refugee (UNHCR), the Government of Nepal (GoN) and eight Resettlement Governments, the IOM facilitates selection missions, conducts medical examination of refugees selected for resettlement as per the protocol of the destination country, conducts cultural orientation for the destination countries, facilitates exit permits and arranges travel for the refugees until their final port of entry.

Emergency Response

As the global lead for Camp Coordination and Camp Management (CCCM) Cluster for natural disasters, IOM has been responding to emergencies and post crisis situations. Following the devastating earthquake in 2015, IOM immediately provided emergency shelters, psycho-social counselling, health services, debris clearance, and is continuously contributing to early recovery and reconstruction efforts. IOM has also provided shelter and non-food items to victims of floods in 2008 and 2017.

Labour Migration

IOM strives to protect migrant workers and to optimize the benefits of labour migration for both the country of origin and destination as well as for the migrants themselves. In Nepal, the outflow of migrants in the past decade has been momentous in transforming the country’s economic, social and cultural fabric. At the same time, evidences show that many Nepali migrant workers face challenges such as deceptive, non-transparent recruitment practices and excessive fees which could lead to debt bondage, discrimination, detention and trafficking. IOM works with the government to address these challenges and to promote safe and regular migration ensuring human rights of migrants irrespective of their legal status throughout the migration cycle.

Land, Property and Reparation

Land, property and reparations issues play an ever increasing role in reconciliation, peace-building and reconstruction efforts and are an important rehabilitation tool for countries in transition. Nepal continues to recover from the decade long armed conflict (1996-2006), which resulted in gross human rights violations. To date, these violations remain largely unaddressed and significant gaps remain in the areas of provision of relief and access to justice for conflict victims especially the survivors of Conflict Related Sexual Violence (CRSV). Building on past successful coordination and partnership with the Government of Nepal, IOM seeks to continue its work in the areas of victims assistance programs improving access to services and justice.

Migrant Assistance, Protection and Counter Trafficking

IOM has been working to counter the trafficking in persons since 1994. Our primary aims are to prevent trafficking in persons and to protect victims from the trade while offering them options of safe and sustainable reintegration and/or return to their home countries. Being cognizant of the links between labour migration and human trafficking, in Nepal, IOM looks to harmonize national policy and legal frameworks concerning the two issues so as to address them cohesively..

Migration Health

Migrants and mobile populations benefit from an improved standard of physical, mental and social wellbeing, which enables them to substantially contribute towards the social and economic development of their home communities and host societies.

IOM’s Strategic Objectives on Migration Health: IOM’s strategic objectives on migration health are derived from the 2008 World Health Assembly Resolution on the Health of Migrants (61.17) that recommends action along four pillars. These four pillars have been further operationalized and agreed during the Global Consultation on the Health of Migrants organized by the World Health Organization (WHO), IOM and the Government of Spain (Madrid, 2010):
  • Monitoring migrant health
  • Enable conducive policy and legal frameworks on migrant health
  • Strengthen migrant-friendly health systems
  • Facilitate partnerships, networks and multi-country frameworks on migrant health.


IOM Migration Health Department (MHD) in Nepal in collaboration with the Ministry of Health and Population of Nepal, UN agencies and partner organizations operates through the Migration Health Department (MHD) located in Damak, Jhapa and the Migration Health Assessment Center (MHAC) located in Kathmandu.


Migration & Development

The relationship between countries of origin and their overseas communities is key to successful development. IOM’s goal in this field is to harness the development potential of migration for individual migrants and societies. We work by promoting international policy dialogue, policy-oriented research and programmes that strengthen the administrative and managerial capacity of governments. Programme activities include improving remittance management, building human capital through labour migration programmes, return and reintegration of qualified nationals, capacity building for governments and empowerment of migrant women.

Facilitating Migration

Mobility is an essential feature of today’s world. Integrated world markets, the emergence of transnational networks and the rapid growth of communication technologies all contribute to the increasing movement of both high and low-skilled workers, students, trainees, families and tourists.  The demographic and social structure in the industrialized world has created the need for workers and professionals from other countries. Large-scale migration for work represents potentially difficult adjustments, but economies that desire to remain competitive cannot ignore the need for change. Facilitating migration for work can be a win-win proposition. The IOM provides policy and technical advice to governments on the regulation of migrant labour and other migratory movements, and carries out programs to assist governments and migrants with selection/recruitment, language and cultural orientation, consular services, training, reception, integration and return. These services, tailored to each program, are provided during all stages of the process: information and application, interview and approval, and post-approval. The IOM has performed over 1.5 million immigration medical evaluations around the world and provides logistic and travel assistance to migrants.. 

Regulating Migration

Regulating governments and societies have an interest in knowing who is seeking access to their territories. The objective is to take measures that prevent access by those who are not authorized to enter, while facilitating speedy access for those who are. The IOM assists governments in the development and implementation of migration policy, legislation and administrative mechanisms. To this end, the IOM provides technical assistance and training for governmental migration managers on border management, visa systems, regulating entry and stay and collecting and using biometric information. Replacing irregular flows with orderly, regular migration serves the interests of all governments, and the IOM can offer a broad range of programs to counter trafficking and smuggling of human beings, from prevention to assisting the victims. The IOM also implements programs to facilitate the voluntary return and reintegration of displaced and stranded persons and other migrants, taking into account the needs and concerns of local communities.

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