Labour Migration

IOM strives to protect migrant workers and to optimize the benefits of labour migration for both the country of origin and destination as well as for the migrants themselves. In Nepal, the outflow of migrants in the past decade has been momentous in transforming the country’s economic, social and cultural fabric. At the same time, evidences show that many Nepali migrant workers face challenges such as deceptive, non-transparent recruitment practices and excessive fees which could lead to debt bondage, discrimination, detention and trafficking. IOM works with the government to address these challenges and to promote safe and regular migration ensuring human rights of migrants irrespective of their legal status throughout the migration cycle.

Empowerment of Women Migrant Workers in South Asia through implementation of Standard Terms of Employment (STOE)

STOE

IOM, in coordination with UN Women implemented a multi-country research project entitled ‘Empowerment of Women Migrant Workers in South Asia through implementation of STOE’ with financial support from Swiss Development Cooperation (SDC) in 2017 - 18. The research undertook an assessment study of STOE implementation in origin countries, particularly Bangladesh, India, Nepal, Pakistan and Sri Lanka. The purpose was to determine the status of gender sensitive STOEs and their inclusion in bilateral agreements with destination countries in the Middle East, particularly in Bahrain, Jordan Kuwait, and Lebanon.

SAFE (Safe Migration for Migrant Workers):

SAFE

Strengthening Labour Migration Management Capacities in Bangladesh, Indonesia, Nepal and the Philippines for Replication in Other Colombo Process Member States)
IOM implemented a EU-funded labour migration project Safe Migration for Migrant Workers (SAFE), aiming to contribute to strengthening migration management capacities through improved monitoring of recruitment process; improved understanding of labour needs/resources and requirements of origin, transit and destination countries; improved access to information for potential, current migrant workers, their families and migrant source communities on safe migration. The project was in implemented in 2013 – 2015.

A Rapid Situation Assessment on Agriculture and Migration in Nepal (SAMN)

SAMN-1

The IOM and Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) jointly conducted “A Rapid Situation Assessment on Agriculture and Migration in Nepal” in 2010 to look at the issues, challenges and gaps pertaining to overseas employment and its impacts on agriculture and rural development. The research results indicated that though remittances contribute to a significant per cent of GDP in Nepal most of the earnings from remittances go to consumption. The research also indicated that developing infrastructural facilities like irrigation, transportation, communication and market for the agricultural products would help create conducive environment for investment in agricultural sector for migrant workers and their families.

Assessment of Women Migrant Workers in South Asia on the Implementation of Standard Terms of Employment

WomenMigrantWorkers

IOM, in coordination with UN Women, and with financial support from the Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation (SDC) carried out a study “Assessment of Women Migrant Workers in South Asia on the Implementation of Standard Terms of Employment” in 2016/17. The study focused on migration from South Asian countries to the Middle East, which has been booming since oil-generated wealth started growing in the region in the 1970s. At present, India is the largest sending country (at 747,000 workers), followed by Pakistan (623,000 workers), Nepal (454,000 workers), Bangladesh (409,000 workers) and Sri Lanka (282,000 workers). But with this increase have come associated vulnerabilities, exploitation and abuse of migrant workers, particularly women.  The study found that there is gap between the Standard Terms of Employment template (STOE) and the employment contracts that are used for female labour migrants from South Asia. “The guiding gender-responsive templates” are available, and in some cases referenced in national legislation or bilateral labour agreements, but the templates are often not applied effectively.

Increasing the Capacity of Migrant Resource Centres (MRCs) in Nepal to Foster Safe, Humane and Orderly Migration

MRC

IOM supports the Government of Nepal to enhance its efforts of ensuring safe and orderly migration through the project entitled “Increasing the Capacity of Migrant Resource Centres (MRCs) in Nepal to Foster Safe, Humane and Orderly Migration”. This IOM Development Fund (IDF) funded project aims to provide potential migrants with accurate and up-to-date information on migration and the recruitment process so they can make more informed decisions. The project also aims to facilitate MRCs in playing a predominant role in migration process by becoming the “one-stop-shop” for migrants and their families as well as serves the purpose to collect data about the migrants for further policy and programming considerations. Globally, the programme is in line with the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) particularly contributing to SDG target 10.7 on facilitating safe, orderly, regular and responsible migration and mobility of people, including through the implementation of planned and well-managed migration policies.

Enhancing Industry capacity to implement ethical recruitment models in Viet Nam and Nepal to protect migrant workers in South Korean Businesses’ Supply Chains

EPS

Recognizing the links between unethical recruitment practices and decent work deficits for migrant workers, including modern slavery, the “Enhancing Industry capacity to implement ethical recruitment models in Viet Nam and Nepal to protect migrant workers in South Korean Businesses’ Supply Chains” project aims to contribute to the protection of the human rights and labour rights of migrant workers by supporting private sector actors in Viet Nam, Nepal and the Republic of Korea (ROK) to implement fair recruitment principles.                 

Concretely, the project will help build the capacities of government and business stakeholders in the Republic of Korea (ROK), Viet Nam and Nepal to translate private sector commitments into effective ethical recruitment schemes and multi-stakeholder action plans to reduce the risk of human trafficking and slavery. The project is based on IOM’s standard International Recruitment Integrity System (IRIS) application, and the Corporate Responsibility in Eliminating Slavery and Trafficking (CREST) framework initiatives and works in close coordination with ROK’s Employment Permit System (EPS) and with the recruitment agency in Vietnam and Nepal. 

Korean Multinational Corporations (MNCs) have globalized supply chains, largely concentrated in Asia, notably in China, Indonesia, Malaysia and Viet Nam, employing both national and migrant workers including large numbers of workers from Viet Nam and Nepal.

Technical Assistance to the Government of Nepal to Enhance Positive Impact of Labour Migration

TA-LM

Through the project, IOM supported the Ministry of Labour and Employment (MoLE) with capacity building for government officials,  services to labour migrants, development of country specific fliers and flip charts on safe migration channels, including the establishment of a Migrant Resource Center in Kathmandu which provides correct and reliable information on overseas migration and destination countries to potential labour migrants, study on “Analysis of Policies on Foreign Labour Migration and their Implementation”, study on “Foreign Employment, Remittance and its Contribution to Economy of Nepal” and formation of a 5 year strategic perspective plan of the Foreign Employment Promotion Board (FEPB). The project was launched in September 2009 and was concluded in April 2011.


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