Regional Consultative Processes on Migration (RCPs)

Regional Consultative Processes on Migration (RCPs) are state-led, ongoing, regional information-sharing and policy dialogues dedicated to discussing specific migration issue(s) in a cooperative manner among States from an agreed (usually geographical) region, and may either be officially associated with formal regional institutions, or be informal and non-binding.  RCPs are Inter-State Consultation Mechanisms on Migration (ISCMs) at the regional level. IOM Nepal supports RCPs and ISCMs like Colombo Process, Abu Dhabi Dialogue, Bali Process, Global Fund of Migration and Development (GFMD), International Dialogue on Migration (IDM), UN HLD on International Migration and Development etc.

Colombo Process


Governments are increasingly realizing that migration issues and challenges cannot be addressed by one state alone and there is a need for a regional approach. Established within this context, Colombo Process (CP) is a regional consultative process of 12 Asian countries that focuses on protection of and provision of services to migrant workers and optimizing benefits of organized labour migration for both sending and receiving countries along with the migrants and their family.

As Nepal is the current Chair (2017 – 2019) of Colombo Process, IOM Nepal acts as the secretariat to the Colombo Process and at the request of the Chair-in-Office in Kathmandu, and with funding support from the Swiss Development Cooperation (SDC), IOM provides technical and administrative support to the Government of Nepal, Ministry of Labour, Employment and Social Security (MoLESS) in coordinating and facilitating meetings, consultations and workshops as per their work plan. IOM Nepal also acts an extension of the CP Technical Support Unit (CPTSU) based in IOM Sri Lanka and ensures linkage of CPTSU’s respective work and provide regular updates and coordinated support to the CP Chair-in-Office in Kathmandu. IOM is coordinating with the Ministry of Labour, Employment and Social Security (MoLESS), Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MOFA) and other partners to identify the priorities for technical support related to the Colombo Process. 

Global Compact for Migration (GCM)


Global Compact for Safe, Orderly, and Regular Migration (GCM) is the first inter-governmentally negotiated agreement to cover all dimensions of international migration, to be presented to the UN General Assembly in September 2018. In line with IOM’s global agenda to mobilize Member States and engage diverse stakeholders to ensure that all voices are heard in setting the Global Migration Agenda for years to come, and to provide its technical and policy expertise to support the GCM process, IOM Nepal supported the Government of Nepal to organize series of multi-stakeholder consultations with development partners, Government Agencies, UN agencies, CSOs, academia, private sectors, media etc. in order to develop the national position paper on GCM.

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