Disaster Risk Reduction and Resilience

IOM’s work on Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR) and environmental degradation contributes to the efforts of Member states to implement the Sendai Framework for DRR 2015 – 2030 by advancing mobility-based strategies in disaster risk reduction and resilience. As Nepal is at high risk of natural disasters, IOM supports the Government of Nepal in its efforts for disaster risk reduction and preparedness such as identification, protection, and management of Open Spaces to be used for internally displaced persons (IDPs) in the event of sizable disaster, capacity building of Government of Nepal Agencies and National Security Forces to ensure effective initial emergency response, as well as developing national plans, procedures, and modalities to be used during emergency/recovery phase of large scale disasters in the country.

IOM assumes the role of Camp Coordination and Camp Management (CCCM) global cluster lead, and in Nepal, IOM actively co-leads the CCCM Cluster alongside the Department of Urban Development & Building Construction, as the Government lead agency. The cluster was activated for the second time in Nepal in 2015 soon after the Earthquakes.

Identification and Management of Open Spaces for Disaster Preparedness (PMOS Phase II)


As requested and prioritized by the Government of Nepal in the National Disaster Response Framework, IOM continues to conduct a series of activities replicating the identification and protection of open spaces with the support from the United States Agency for International Development’s Office of Foreign Disaster Assistance (USAID/OFDA) through a project entitled “Identification and Management of Open Spaces for DisasterPreparedness (IMOS)”. The project aims to assist the Govt. of Nepal to continue enhancing their preparedness efforts and establish coherent approaches in responding and managing the needs of the displaced populations after a large-scale earthquake in the remote areas and cities in the hilly districts west of Kathmandu. The project was started in 2016 and will end in 2018.

Capacity Building of Nepal Security Forces in Camp Cordination and Camp Management (CCCM) Response


Through the project, ‘Capacity Building of Nepal’s National Security Forces in Camp Coordination and Camp Management (CCCM)’ IOM aims to contribute to the Government of Nepal’s efforts in disaster preparedness through increasing capacity of first responders to effectively manage displaced populations in line with international standards and best practices. A comprehensive response in camp management aims at improving the quality of life and dignity of affected populations during displacement through engagement in participatory processes, working together with, and advocating on behalf of, internally displaced people, as well as other persons affected by humanitarian crisis. The two years project is funded by the USAID/ Office of U.S. Foreign Disaster Assistance and will end in 2019. 

The project is being implemented over a two-year period and in close coordination with Ministry of Home Affairs (MOHA), Ministry of Defence (MoD), Ministry of Urban Development (MoUD), Department of Urban Development and Building Construction (DUDBC), Nepal Army (NA), Nepal Police (NP), Armed Police Force (APF), and National Red Cross Society (NRCS).

Camp Coordination and Camp Management (CCCM)


IOM assumes the role of the CCCM cluster co-lead in Nepal with Department of Urban Development and Building Construction (DUDBC) taking the lead. In August, 2008, following the Koshi flood in the eastern region of Nepal, the CCCM cluster was activated to provide emergency relief assistance and protection to internally displaced persons (IDPs) in the affected areas.  IOM Nepal was responsible for a range of activities such as site planning, information management, general coordination, and procurement, distribution of non-food items (NFI), formation of Camp Management Committees, and Disaster Preparedness trainings. An Emergency Operation Center was constructed and handed over to the Local Development Office in Sunsari district with necessary furnishing and equipment to carry out regular coordination during emergencies.

Realizing the importance of preparedness for a potential high magnitude earthquake in Kathmandu, IOM commissioned a study on “Identification of Open Spaces for Humanitarian Purpose in Kathmandu Valley” which could be used as camp sites for internally displaced persons (IDPs). The IOM identified 83 potential sites in and around Kathmandu, Lalitpur and Bhaktapur districts where camps adhering to sub-Sphere standard conditions, given the limited open spaces in the valley to accommodate estimated 1.8 million IDPs, could be constructed in an event of a major earthquake (9 Richter scale).The Council of Ministers, Government of Nepal has approved the use open spaces for humanitarian purposes and following which a gazette notification was published for the protection of these sites from further encroachment. A report on the allocation of open spaces along with GIS information, brief information and detail topographical base map of each site has been submitted to the MoHA for the approval and uploaded in the website aforementioned. Similarly, IOM facilitated a group on Humanitarian assistance/camp management at the civilian disaster response exercise organized by the US Embassy in August, 2011. A work plan on humanitarian assistance/ camp management was prepared out of the workshop.

IOM also extended assistance to develop Earthquake Emergency Response Plan (EERP) for 4 municipalities of the Kathmandu Valley, an earthquake emergency simulation plan and an action plan for disaster management of Dolakha district as part of the Comprehensive Disaster Risk Management Programme supported by the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP).

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