Transition & Recovery

As part of its global mandate on migration, the IOM works to assist governments and societies address land and property issues and victim reparations in the aftermath of natural disasters or conflict.

Psychosocial Counselling and Support Services to Conflict-Affected Persons 

Since it was first initiated in March 2013, the IOM has successfully provided technical assistance to the Ministry of Peace and Reconstruction (MoPR) in implementing psychosocial counselling and support services for conflict-affected persons and their families with support from the UN Peace Fund for Nepal (UNPFN). This project has recently concluded in December 2015. 


Catalytic Support on Land Issues

This joint project with the United Nations Development Programme and the United Nations Human Settlements Programme has recently concluded in December 2015. Through this project, the IOM has taken the lead in addressing issues related to land by providing technical assistance, capacity building and expert support to the Ministry of Land Reform and Management and the MoPR. The project is funded by the global UN Peacebuilding Fund through the UN Peace Fund for Nepal and will contribute to addressing one of the root causes of the ten-year armed conflict. The project piloted its activities in three districts, supporting the local institutions to improve their land management systems and in implementing land use plans, while at the same time encouraging a productive and inclusive dialogue on the issues that remain unsolved. Furthermore, the project supports the Government in preparing a comprehensive and unified land act.

Empowering Women 4 Women (W4W): Access to Land for Sustainable Peace in Nepal


This project is built upon the main findings and gaps identified by the ‘Catalytic Support on Land Issues’ (2013- 2015) project by including women that were almost absent and/ or not able to make their voices heard in the land reform discussions process. The project aims to support the processes associated or linked with land reform in Nepal by enabling women to play an active role as agents of change. In doing so, the project is contributing to ensuring gender equality in land policy discussions and enabling women to influence the policy decisions.

The project is promoting a W4W approach, where qualified women teachers use contextualized modules to enhance capacities of other women, on land rights and system as well as advocacy and negotiation skills. The W4W approach ensures a constructive environment for learning as well as participatory and long lasting impacts. In this way, the project is unpacking land issues pertinent to women in small steps and introducing components related to women empowerment and rights to women over land and property, thus facilitating catalytic changes that will support the future land reform process, including by facilitating the changes of attitude, perspectives and social mores in the Nepalese society, and giving due consideration to women’s specific needs and ideas at the policy level.

Conflict Related Sexual Violence (CRSV)


“Building the Foundation for Access to Justice and Reparation for Conflict Related Sexual Violence Survivors (CRSV)” is a joint project between the IOM and the United Nations Population Fund funded by the UNPFN completed its activities in December 2015. The overall objective of the project is to scale up conflict and gender sensitive services addressing post conflict needs of victims of sexual violence. Under this project the IOM developed and handed over the CRSV Case Management Protocol in the context of service provision programs in Nepal to support the MoPR to provide guidance on eventual standardization of existing and new data on CRSV in Nepal and to enable the creation of a centralized CRSV database. Furthermore, this Protocol offers practical advice on how to design and carry out ethical and victim-centric case management for survivors of CRSV in Nepal. The Protocol provides internationally recognized standards to guide the basic information documentation at the request of the survivor, and a survivor-centric needs assessment that can facilitate subsequent service provision and/or referral. Additionally, technical assistance to MoPR is continued to better ensure effective implementation of psychosocial counselling and support services for conflict victims including CRSV and community members as a whole. The targeted project districts are the districts selected by MoPR to roll out psychosocial counselling services i.e. Morang, Jhapa, Makwanpur, Chitwan, Kasaki, Gorkha, Rolpa, Rukum, Kailali and Kanchanpur.

IOM Development Fund (IDF)


“Technical Assistance to Ministry of Peace and Reconstruction to ensure Effective access of Conflict Affected Persons to Victims Assistance Processes in Nepal” is a project funded by the IDF and completed its activities in October 2015. The overall objective of the project is to ensure effective access of Conflict Affected Person (CAP)s to victim assistance programs in Nepal through established centralized database for CAPs assistance in congruence with the United Nations Development Assistance Framework Outcome 8, as well as to build capacity of key government institutions to provide effective access of existing services to CAPs. The project districts include Morang, Jhapa, Makwanpur, Chitwan, Kasaki, Gorkha, Rolpa, Rukum, Kailali and Kanchanpur. Under this project, the IOM developed a centralized database web portal ( for the past and ongoing CAPs assistance programs provided to the conflict victims by different service providers (I/NGOs, UN agencies and Govt.). Intensive research (both qualitative and quantitative) has been conducted in 5 project districts to identify the quality of reparation processes implemented by MoPR. Based on the findings, the project has developed a Training Module to bridge the gap and area for improved future reparation programs. Training based on the module was provided to the officials of the MoPR, Ministry of Women Children and Social Welfare and female representatives of Local Peace Committee of all the 10 project districts in different areas like, Human Right Based Approach, Transitional Justice, Gender and Conflict Sensitivity and Communication skills.

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