Land, Propery and Reparation

Land, property and reparations issues play an ever increasing role in reconciliation, peace-building and reconstruction efforts and are an important rehabilitation tool for countries in transition. Nepal continues to recover from the decade long armed conflict (1996-2006), which resulted in gross human rights violations. To date, these violations remain largely unaddressed and significant gaps remain in the areas of provision of relief and access to justice for conflict victims especially the survivors of Conflict Related Sexual Violence (CRSV). Building on past successful coordination and partnership with the Government of Nepal, IOM seeks to continue its work in the areas of victims assistance programs improving access to services and justice.

Technical Assistance to Ministry of Peace and Reconstruction (MoPR) to ensure Effective Access of Conflict Affected Persons to Victims Assistance Processes in Nepal

The International Organization for Migration (IOM) Nepal has been working together with the Ministry of Peace and Reconstruction (MoPR) in the field of reparations, victims’ assistance and transitional justice since its inception in 2010. The assistance provided to conflict victims has been assessed by various organizations which mostly revealed shortcomings of the relief packages provided by the GoN. Acting on these recommendations, IOM through this project provided technical assistance to the MoPR in ensuring access of conflict affected persons (CAPs) to victim assistance programs through effective service delivery. The aim of the project was to establish a centralized database for CAPs assistance and as such build the GoN capacity in congruence with outcome 8 of the UNDAF agenda. In addition, the project aimed to develop a victim’s reparation quality assessment study focused on GoN’s Interim Relief Program (IRP) service delivery and support in capacity building of MoPR officials and Local Peace Committee (LPC) members to improve the service delivery mechanism based on the recommendation outlined in the assessment report. In short, the project contributed in guiding MoPR to ensure effective service mechanisms and service delivery for conflict victims by holistically addressing the past shortcomings of victim assistance programs in Nepal. The project was implemented in 2014 - 2015 and was funded by IOM Development Fund.

Empowering Conflict Related Sexual Violence (CRSV) Survivors to Effectively Assert their Rights to services and Justice

W4W

Government till date has not given any formal recognition to Conflict Related Sexual Violence (CRSV) survivors as conflict affected persons making them ineligible to access any government support and services. UN Ad-hoc committee on CRSV has been advocating in this regard and the issue has been raised time and again with concerned ministry. IOM began its collaboration with UN Women as a part of a joint UN initiative to create conducive environment to CRSV survivors and conflict victims in asserting their rights on justice and available services. The project “Empowering Conflict Related Sexual Violence Survivors to Effectively Assert their Rights on Services and Justice” from June - December 2016 supported by UN Women is an initiative towards addressing CRSV survivors and their needs post conflict. This six months project emphasized to engage conflict victims in capacity development activities, specifically survivors of CRSV enabling them to interact with any available mechanisms and services in order to effectively advocate for and access existing and future services and support mechanisms to be made available for them. The project is also considered to be a pilot program that will foresee CRSV survivor’s needs in Kailali District, with the support from CVCP an umbrella platform for conflict victims.

Strengthening the capacity of the Government of Nepal to address Conflict Related Sexual Violence (CRSV) in the National Action Plan (NAP) Second Phase on UNSCRs 1325 and 1820

CRSV

In the pretext that Conflict Related Sexual Violence (CRSV) was perpetrated by all parties during the decade-long armed conflict in Nepal, however, many survivors are reluctant to be vocal due to the fear of stigmatization and other threats and no guarantee of service. In response, IOM initiated a project entitled, “Strengthening the capacity of the Government of Nepal to address Conflict Related Sexual Violence (CRSV) in the National Action Plan (NAP) Second Phase on UNSCRs 1325 and 1820” from June  - November 2017 in five selected conflict affected districts of Nepal. The project engaged with GoN- MoPR, conflict victims including CRSV survivors and related stakeholders by creating an enabling environment for discussion on the issue of CRSV and ensured victims’ rights of access to services and justice through the second phase of the government’s NAP on 1325 and 1820. It also strengthened the capacity of conflict victim group’s in providing inputs on the government’s policy and plan through an inclusive and participatory process to focus on gender responsiveness, victim-centric and gender sensitive transitional justice for conflict affected victims and survivors of CRSV.

The project was part of UN Women Nepal’s  Advancing Resilience and Empowerment of Women and Girls (ARE) Project and was in line with the UN position on CRSV. The project contributed to the focus on CRSV in the second phase of the implementation of the National Action Plan (NAP) on implementing United Nations Security Council Resolutions (UNSCRs) 1325 and 1820.

Psychosocial Counselling and Support Services to Conflict-Affected Person

Since it was first initiated in March 2013, the IOM has successfully provided technical assistance to the Ministry of Peace and Reconstruction (MoPR) in implementing psychosocial counselling and support services for conflict-affected persons and their families with support from the UN Peace Fund for Nepal (UNPFN). This project has recently concluded in December 2015.

 

 

Catalytic Support on Land Issues

This joint project with the United Nations Development Programme and the United Nations Human Settlements Programme has recently concluded in December 2015. Through this project, the IOM has taken the lead in addressing issues related to land by providing technical assistance, capacity building and expert support to the Ministry of Land Reform and Management and the MoPR. The project is funded by the global UN Peacebuilding Fund through the UN Peace Fund for Nepal and will contribute to addressing one of the root causes of the ten-year armed conflict. The project piloted its activities in three districts, supporting the local institutions to improve their land management systems and in implementing land use plans, while at the same time encouraging a productive and inclusive dialogue on the issues that remain unsolved. Furthermore, the project supports the Government in preparing a comprehensive and unified land act.

Empowering Women 4 Women (W4W): Access to Land for Sustainable Peace in Nepal

W4W

This project is built upon the main findings and gaps identified by the ‘Catalytic Support on Land Issues’ (2013- 2015) project by including women that were almost absent and/ or not able to make their voices heard in the land reform discussions process. The project aims to support the processes associated or linked with land reform in Nepal by enabling women to play an active role as agents of change. In doing so, the project is contributing to ensuring gender equality in land policy discussions and enabling women to influence the policy decisions.

The project is promoting a W4W approach, where qualified women teachers use contextualized modules to enhance capacities of other women, on land rights and system as well as advocacy and negotiation skills. The W4W approach ensures a constructive environment for learning as well as participatory and long lasting impacts. In this way, the project is unpacking land issues pertinent to women in small steps and introducing components related to women empowerment and rights to women over land and property, thus facilitating catalytic changes that will support the future land reform process, including by facilitating the changes of attitude, perspectives and social mores in the Nepalese society, and giving due consideration to women’s specific needs and ideas at the policy level.

Conflict Related Sexual Violence (CRSV)

CRSV

“Building the Foundation for Access to Justice and Reparation for Conflict Related Sexual Violence Survivors (CRSV)” is a joint project between the IOM and the United Nations Population Fund funded by the UNPFN completed its activities in December 2015. The overall objective of the project is to scale up conflict and gender sensitive services addressing post conflict needs of victims of sexual violence. Under this project the IOM developed and handed over the CRSV Case Management Protocol in the context of service provision programs in Nepal to support the MoPR to provide guidance on eventual standardization of existing and new data on CRSV in Nepal and to enable the creation of a centralized CRSV database. Furthermore, this Protocol offers practical advice on how to design and carry out ethical and victim-centric case management for survivors of CRSV in Nepal. The Protocol provides internationally recognized standards to guide the basic information documentation at the request of the survivor, and a survivor-centric needs assessment that can facilitate subsequent service provision and/or referral. Additionally, technical assistance to MoPR is continued to better ensure effective implementation of psychosocial counselling and support services for conflict victims including CRSV and community members as a whole. The targeted project districts are the districts selected by MoPR to roll out psychosocial counselling services i.e. Morang, Jhapa, Makwanpur, Chitwan, Kasaki, Gorkha, Rolpa, Rukum, Kailali and Kanchanpur.

Technical Assistance to Ministry of Peace and Reconstruction to ensure Effective access of Conflict Affected Persons to Victims Assistance Processes in Nepal 

MoPR

Funded by the IOM Development Fund (IDF), the overall objective of the project is to ensure effective access of Conflict Affected Person (CAP)s to victim assistance programs in Nepal through established centralized database for CAPs assistance in congruence with the United Nations Development Assistance Framework Outcome 8, as well as to build capacity of key government institutions to provide effective access of existing services to CAPs. The project districts include Morang, Jhapa, Makwanpur, Chitwan, Kasaki, Gorkha, Rolpa, Rukum, Kailali and Kanchanpur. Under this project, the IOM developed a centralized database web portal for the past and ongoing CAPs assistance programs provided to the conflict victims by different service providers (I/NGOs, UN agencies and Govt.). Intensive research (both qualitative and quantitative) has been conducted in 5 project districts to identify the quality of reparation processes implemented by MoPR. Based on the findings, the project has developed a Training Module to bridge the gap and area for improved future reparation programs. Training based on the module was provided to the officials of the MoPR, Ministry of Women Children and Social Welfare and female representatives of Local Peace Committee of all the 10 project districts in different areas like, Human Right Based Approach, Transitional Justice, Gender and Conflict Sensitivity and Communication skills.


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