Trafficking Risk Reduction in Nepal

Trafficking, a form of abusive and irregular migration for commercial sexual exploitation, forced labour or services, servitude, slavery or practices similar to slavery has reached alarming proportions in the past two decades globally; more so within the South-Asian Region. In Nepal, the factors contributing to labour migration in general and trafficking in particular, spring from socio-cultural as well as economic and political factors and are highly gendered. The key issues and challenges faced by the survivors of trafficking are social rejection, lack of ownership of citizenship which does not allow these victims to successfully reintegrate back into the society. Unless equipped with alternative livelihood options with a substantial and sustainable income level, there is a high risk for survivors to be re-trafficked. 

Since March 2010, IOM Nepal has been piloting a multi-stakeholder approach, in close collaboration with the Government of Nepal (GoN)  to create avenues for economic development of women vulnerable to trafficking and re-trafficking, through the project “Trafficking Risk Reduction in Nepal (TRRIN)”. The project is funded through the internal IOM Development Fund. The multi-stakeholder approach of the project involves Corporate Houses, who at the request of IOM, extend business opportunities and assist beneficiaries by providing: business specific training, market linkages, skill training and job placements as part of Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR). Non Governmental Organizations (NGOs), in association with IOM, are responsible for psychosocial counselling and day to day support to the beneficiaries. Likewise, the training institutions assist in imparting vocational and technical skills training to the beneficiaries. The GoN, Ministry of Women, Children and Social Welfare (MoWCSW) extends legal and infrastructural support to the initiatives, as and when required. Importantly, the Beneficiaries transformed into Participants, have assumed ownership of all the aforesaid processes and are earning sustainable livelihood. In addition to the financial (initial support to skill development trainings and to establish enterprises) inputs, the IOM is involved in the overall planning and coordination among various stakeholders, their inputs, and the overall Implementation and monitoring of the project activities. This multi-stakeholder approach has ensured the sustainable livelihood opportunities to the Participants.

To date, the project has been successful in economic rehabilitation of over 200 survivors and potential victims of trafficking in Kathmandu and Lalitpur Districts. Beneficiaries who were supported through the TRRIN project through enterprise setup and job placement opportunities left the NGO shelter and are living independently and have successfully re-integrated into their families and society and are supporting their families with their sustainable income. Besides, the project has supported the GoN to develop a standard guideline handbook for psychosocial counselling for the concerned stakeholders directly involved in providing services to the survivors and potential victims of trafficking. The guideline has been endorsed by the GoN, is developed to help NGOs counsellors in identifying the desirable needs of the beneficiaries and help the survivors to realize their potentials to generate their livelihoods. Furthermore, the project has supported the institutional capacity of NGOs in the field of enterprise development and management support to the participants. The project has also raised awareness on importance of CSR in addressing the problem of human trafficking among corporate houses in Nepal.


Trafficking Risk Reduction in Nepal Photo book - A New Beginning

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