IOM in Nepal

Nepal became an IOM member state in 2006. In 2007, the Government of Nepal (GoN) and IOM signed a memorandum of understanding to encourage cooperation and the delivery of services to Nepal, which is a country of origin, transit and destination in terms of migration. IOM’s initial focus was on refugee resettlement.  Since then, with its staff of 406 (382 national and 24 international, as of November 2013), IOM has diversified its areas of cooperation with the GoN into various fields.

Overview of Nepal

Nepal is undergoing a complex and prolonged political transition. The country went through a decade-long armed insurgency, which ended in 2006 following a Comprehensive Peace Agreement between the Seven Party Alliance and the Community Party of Nepal – Maoist (CPN-M). An election was held in 2008 which voted in a 601 member Constituent Assembly (CA). On 28 May 2008, during its first session, the CA declared Nepal a secular republic. The CA was mandated expected to draft a new constitution and preside over Nepal’s transition to a federal state. However, the political transition has not occurred and the CA was dissolved on 27 May 2012.

Nepal's peace process has stalled due to disputes amongst the various political parties over the key issues of a federal structure and the form of government to be adopted. One success, however, was the formation of a Special Committee to support the integration of Maoist insurgents and to bring Maoist arms under the control of the Nepal Army.

Due to the challenges of transition, the country is facing major problems in managing migration. Unemployment is on the rise and is a push factor for out– migration. Other push factors such as the insurgency and poverty have led to an average departure rate of more than 1,700 (Department of Foreign Employment, Ministry of Labour and Employment, GoN 2012) Nepali labour migrants each day. These migrant workers are mostly illiterate or semiliterate, unskilled and lack accurate information on formal channels for migration, which can make them vulnerable to trafficking. Key stakeholders also consider Nepal a country of origin in the trafficking of people for labour, sexual and other forms of exploitation. Reputable sources claim that 5,000 to 15,000 people, mostly women and children, are trafficked from Nepal each year. Although these estimates vary widely, the available figures do indicate the severity of the problem. Additionally, porous and uncontrolled borders with neighbouring countries further intensify the problem.

Nepal is also highly susceptible to natural disasters. According to studies conducted by various agencies, it is ranked 11th in terms of vulnerability to earthquake disaster, 6th in terms of risk due to climatic hazards/climate change and 30th in terms of floods. Kathmandu, the capital city, is considered the 21st most vulnerable city in the world. 

IOM Nepal Head Office - Kathmandu

KTM-Office  IOM Baluwatar, Kathmandu

  768/12 Thirbam Sadak
  Baluwatar-5
  P.O. Box: 25503
  Kathamandu, Nepal
  Phone: +977.1 442 62 50
  Fax: +977.1 443 42 23
  Email: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

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IOM-Migration Health Assessment Center (MHAC), Kathmandu 

768/44 Thirbam Sadak
Baluwatar-5
P.O. Box: 25503
Kathamandu, Nepal
Phone: +977.1 441 72 19; 442 95 99, 441 49 46
Fax: +977.1 442 18 70
Email: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

 

IOM Nepal Sub-Office - Damak

  IOM Sub-Office, Damak

  Bhrikuti Chowk
  Damak-11
  Jhapa, Nepal
  Phone: +977.23 58 52 01/4/5
  Fax: +977.23 58 52 02
  Email: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

IOM-Resettlement Support Center (RSC), Damak

Bhrikuti Chowk, Damak-11
Jhapa, Nepal
Tel: +977.23 58 52 01
Fax: +977.23 58 52 05

Email: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

IOM-Refugee Info Unit, Damak

Bhrikuti Chowk, Damak-11
Jhapa, Nepal
Tel: +977.23 58 22 93
Fax: +977.23 58 52 05

Email: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

IOM-Migration Health Department (MHD), Damak

Bhrikuti Chowk, Damak-11
Jhapa, Nepal
Tel: +977.23 58 52 11
Fax: +977.23 58 52 12

Email: 

 
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