Labour Migration

IOM strives to protect migrant workers and to optimize the benefits of labour migration for both the country of origin and destination as well as for the migrants themselves. In Nepal, the outflow of migrants in the past decade has been momentous in transforming the country’s economic, social and cultural fabric. At the same time, evidences show that many Nepali migrant workers face challenges such as deceptive, non-transparent recruitment practices and excessive fees which could lead to debt bondage, discrimination, detention and trafficking. IOM works with the government to address these challenges and to promote safe and regular migration ensuring human rights of migrants irrespective of their legal status throughout the migration cycle..

SAFE (Safe Migration for Migrant Workers)

Labour MMC

Strengthening Labour Migration Management Capacities in Bangladesh, Indonesia, Nepal and the Philippines for Replication in Other Colombo Process Member States IOM implemented the EU-funded labour migration project SAFE (Safe Migration for Migrant Workers), that aimed to contribute to strengthening migration management capacities through improved monitoring of recruitment process; improved understanding of labour needs/resources and requirements of origin, transit and destination countries; improved access to information for potential, current migrant workers, their families and migrant source communities on safe migration. 

A Rapid Situation Assessment on Agriculture and Migration in Nepal (SAMN)


The IOM and Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) jointly conducted “A Rapid Situation Assessment on Agriculture and Migration in Nepal” in 2010 to look at the issues, challenges and gaps pertaining to overseas employment and its impacts on agriculture and rural development. The research results indicated that though remittances contribute to a significant per cent of GDP in Nepal most of the earnings from remittances go to consumption. The research also indicated that developing infrastructural facilities like irrigation, transportation, communication and market for the agricultural products would help create conducive environment for investment in agricultural sector for migrant workers and their families.

Assessment of Women Migrant Workers in South Asia on the Implementation of Standard Terms of Employment


IOM, in coordination with UN Women, and with financial support from the Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation (SDC) carried out a study “Assessment of Women Migrant Workers in South Asia on the Implementation of Standard Terms of Employment” in 2016/17. The study focused on migration from South Asian countries to the Middle East, which has been booming since oil-generated wealth started growing in the region in the 1970s. At present, India is the largest sending country (at 747,000 workers), followed by Pakistan (623,000 workers), Nepal (454,000 workers), Bangladesh (409,000 workers) and Sri Lanka (282,000 workers). But with this increase have come associated vulnerabilities, exploitation and abuse of migrant workers, particularly women.  The study found that there is gap between the Standard Terms of Employment template (STOE) and the employment contracts that are used for female labour migrants from South Asia. “The guiding gender-responsive templates” are available, and in some cases referenced in national legislation or bilateral labour agreements, but the templates are often not applied effectively.

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