This second High Level Consultation brought together senior government official, civil society and experts on various migration and development themes, to integrate and mainstream migration into national development framework and subsequent policies most importantly the periodical development plans. The contribution of labour migration to these various sectors needs to be recognized and brought into the mainstream policy discourse to maximize the benefit.
The 2nd High Level Consultation results are six resolutions on how to integrate migration into the development sectoral policies of Nepal, namely:
- Set up an inter-ministerial mechanism (task force) to enable us to mainstream migration into sectoral policies, under the leadership of the National Planning Commission
- Develop a migration for development strategy that will directly feed into the national development planning.
- Strengthen the capacities of the national institutions and civil society to mainstream migration into sectoral policies in particular by building the necessary inter-disciplinary skills and mechanisms.
- Develop an action plan to systematically mainstream migration into sectoral policies.
- Recognize women as a major stakeholder in the debate of migration and development and acknowledge that migration can be gender responsive to change the power structure both at the households and wider society.
- Encourage the development frameworks of Nepal to synergize their financial instruments and support programs in order to ensure that migration is properly considered as a cross-sectoral aspect of their development assistance and appropriate resources are allocated to it.
Ministry of Labour and Employment with technical support from the EU and IOM convened the first High Level Consultation in 2012. Since then Nepal’s policy context has significantly changed with the new phase of the constitutional process and the 13th interim development plan (2014-2016) in place that acknowledges the positive role of remittances in the development of Nepal. In this perspective the current policy context is deemed to be timely to convene a second high level consultation to take stock of the challenges and opportunities that labour migration presents, and the necessary policy guidance to ensure effective mainstreaming of migration` in Nepal’s development plans and programmes through an inclusive process involving all stakeholders.
“The Government of Nepal recognizes the importance of migration as a central component in our national planning and I consider this consultation to be very timely held. This event really shows the importance of migration as a key concern which might involve the future of Nepal in the next decade in terms of influencing geographic balances, demographic structure, demand supply dynamic and income generation strategies with a durable and profound impact, stated Hon. Tek Bahadur Gurung, Minister for State, Ministry of Labour and Employment, on his opening remarks.
Nepal is a turning point of its constitutional building process. An all-inclusive sustainable participatory development model is one that does not leave behind the voices of migrants and give them a place in tomorrow Nepal, the international partners stand ready to support the GoN and society to build the necessary structure capacity and knowledge to rise up to this challenge.
“Not only does migration require the cooperation of national governments, local authorities, civil society, migrants associations, the private sector and the international community; it also requires a multi-sector approach which addresses amongst others the human, social and labour rights of migrants, their psycho-social well-being, and the development effects as well as potential economic gains associated with migration", said EU Ambassador to Nepal, H.E Rensje Teerink.
The Kathmandu Migration Group (KMG) is an inter-agency group bringing together heads of agencies to promote the wider application of all relevant instruments and norms relating to migration, and to encourage the adoption of more coherent, comprehensive and better coordinated approaches to the issue of migration. KMG members are EU, GiZ, ICIMOD, ILO, IOM, SDC, UNDP and UN Women.