Migration Governance Assessment Calls for Better Coordination to Protect Nepali Migrants’ Rights


Date Publish: 
Wednesday, July 4, 2018

4 July 2018, Kathmandu A formal inter-ministerial coordination mechanism is needed to address overall migration governance issues in Nepal – stakeholders working in the area of migration agreed at a meeting held today (4/7) in Kathmandu.

The meeting was organized by the Ministry of Labour, Employment and Social Security with support from International Organization for Migration (IOM) – the UN Migration Agency - to validate the findings of a Migration Governance Indicators (MGI) assessment.

The initiative looks at areas in which Nepal has a ministerial structure in place and clear mandates to deal with a range of migration management issues. It also examines areas of active engagement with partners to address migration and related issues at national, regional and global levels.

In Nepal the Department of Immigration under the Home Ministry is tasked with monitoring, controlling and regulating entry, exit and stay of immigrants. The Consular Services Department under the Foreign Ministry deals with diaspora-related matters. And the Department of Foreign Employment under the Labour Ministry tracks and maintains data on regular migrants abroad.

The report proposes ways to align and raise standards, increase dialogue and put in place necessary structures. It recommends the development of national programmes to manage labour migration based on international labour market demand, and incentives to attract immigrants with specific skills.

Other recommendations include the development of policies to facilitate the reintegration of returnees and engagement with members of the Nepali diaspora. It calls for more private sector engagement with government on migration-related issues and recommends that Nepal actively participates in regional agreements to promote labour mobility.

“The MGI findings look at best practices in migration governance and where Nepal may be falling short. There is no single solution when it comes to migration governance. But given the challenges and opportunities Nepal faces, I hope that the findings will strengthen migration policy-making and contribute to furthering policy coherence,” said IOM Nepal Chief of Mission Paul Norton.

Addressing the meeting, Ministry of Labour, Employment and Social Security Joint Secretary Krishna Gnawali highlighted that the Govt. of Nepal has made it compulsory for any labour demand to obtain attestation from the relevant Nepalese embassies in destination countries and has set up legal assistances to the migrant workers in need in destinations as main positive steps of the Govt. of Nepal has taken recently in an effort to ensure migrants’ rights and migration governance. He then shared that the Government is moving towards decentralizing the services to the migrant workers and is preparing to send skilled migrants as per the international labour market.

The consultation meeting in Kathmandu was attended by representatives of the government, UN agencies, NGOs, media, and academics working in the field of migration.

The MGI is a tool based on policy inputs, which looks at the comprehensiveness of national migration policies and offers insights into areas that could be further developed. The initiative is a policy-benchmarking programme, jointly developed by IOM and the Economist Intelligence Unit (EIU), which aims to help advance the dialogue on migration governance at national, regional and global levels by outlining what are the features of ‘well-governed migration’ in the context of the implementation of SDG target 10.7. Since its launch in 2016, 39 countries have engaged in the MGI process to assess their migration governance structures and to inform the design and development of their migration policies. The project was launched in Nepal early this year.

For further information please contact 
Paul I. Norton at IOM Nepal, Tel. +977 1 4426250, Email: iomnepal@iom.int
Govt. of Nepal Ministry of Labour, Employment and Social Security Tel +977 1 4211963, Email: info@mole.gov.np