Nepal Migration Profile Calls for Upskilling of Workers to Compete in Global Job Market
18 December, Kathmandu – A new Nepal Migration Profile launched to coincide with International Migrants Day 2019 has called for skills development for Nepali workers to help them to compete in global job markets. The Profile was supported by the IOM Development Fund (IDF).
“This Migration Profile was developed at the time when migration has been identified in the international agenda as an issue of importance that needs to be addressed in a comprehensive and planned way,” said UN Resident Coordinator for Nepal Valerie Julliand, speaking at the event. “The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) recognize the growing impact of migration on development and the UN in Nepal sees it as a priority,” she added.
The Profile characterizes Nepal’s migration situation as one of out-migration for employment. 500,000 young Nepalis leave their country annually for work and currently Nepalis are working in well over 100 different countries around the world. Their remittances represent over 25 percent of the country’s GDP. Nearly 75 percent are unskilled or low skilled and the Profile calls for skills development for young people to enable them to find better employment opportunities both abroad and at home.
IOM Nepal Chief of Mission Lorena Lando also highlighted the need for Nepali migration to be properly measured and understood, to ensure that positive impacts are harnessed and negative impacts are minimized. “We stand ready to support the Government in its efforts to address this complex relationship between migration and sustainable development in more coherent and holistic manner,” she said.
Thanking IOM for its initiation in developing the Migration Profile of the country, Nepal’s Minister for Labour, Employment, Social Security Rameshwar Ray Yadav said “The Migration Profile provides a comprehensive evidence-based account of the country’s migration experience in a single concise document to serve as a planning tool for policymakers and practitioners; and present available statistics on migration stocks and flows in a concise and internationally comparable way.” He went on to say, “I believe the recommendations and the information analyzed will be helpful to manage migration and its overall impacts to the development.”
Other recommendations in the Profile include: establishing a national coordination mechanism to address all government, non-government and private sector migration-related issues; ensuring full implementation and monitoring of current laws designed to protect migrant workers; expanding bilateral agreements with additional countries of destination which specify minimum working conditions; and continuing to monitor the operation and impact of restrictions on women migrating to certain countries.
The Profile is the result of several months of consultations and research led by an inter-Ministerial forum co-chaired by the Ministry of Labour, Employment and Social Security and IOM. The National Planning Commission and the Central Bureau of Statistics were also closely involved in the work of the forum.
IOM Migration Profiles provide an overview of trends, patterns, impact and governance of migration of a country. They offer a comprehensive evidence-based account of the country’s migration experience in a single concise document to serve as a planning tool for policymakers and practitioners; and present available statistics on migration stocks and flows in a concise and internationally comparable way.
Following the launch, which was attended by officials from government agencies, civil society, academia, UN, development partners, and media, IOM organized a high-level dialogue on migration governance and sustainable development. Participants included representatives from Nepal’s National Planning Commission, the Central Bank, leading civil society organizations working in the field of migrant protection, together with IOM officials.
The full report can be found here.
For more information please contact:
Lorena Lando at IOM Nepal, Tel: +97714426250 (Ext. 194), Email: