Camp Coordination and Camp Management (CCCM) remains one of IOM’s main priorities in responding to earthquake affected populations in Nepal. IOM has provided CCCM training to over 200 representatives from various governmental agencies and national and international partner organizations to build capacities of different actors and raise standards, ensuring an appropriate response to the needs of displaced populations. Site maintenance and improvements have also been carried out to improve the living conditions of those remaining in the sites. To address the needs of the most vulnerable groups, particularly to respond to harsh weather conditions, over 42,000 individuals benefited from the distribution of non-food items as part of the winterization support, including: blankets, tarps, ropes, stoves, chimneys, solar lights and foam to each of the households temporarily living in sites above 1,500 meters of altitude.
To gather information on the needs of displaced populations, IOM has conducted six rounds of the Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) tool in 2015 and 2016. The latest DTM was conducted between 22 February to 6 March 2016 where the DTM team identified and visited over 100 potential displacement sites across the affected districts. Of these, 82 were active and hosting over 26,000 people. To complement DTM reports, IOM conducts Return Intention Surveys (RIS) to provide detailed information on places of intended return for displaced families as well as obstacles preventing them from returning home. In the current round of RIS, the DTM team found that damaged/destroyed houses, landslides and fear of earthquake are core factors preventing displaced families from returning to their places of origin. Households were noted to be waiting for support from the government and humanitarian community for reconstruction and guidance on areas for relocation.
IOM continues to work with all stakeholders to ensure coordination and management of camp sites, identifying gaps in services and supporting durable solutions to displacement. As a comprehensive response to the needs of the displaced populations, IOM continues to coordinate CCCM activities with Health and Protection efforts to meet the basic needs of people remaining in the displacement sites. With the upcoming monsoon season, IOM will carry out site planning and site improvements in camps where the population is likely to remain for longer periods.